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What a cardiology

Cardiology is a clinical specialty and a department of internal medicine concerned with issues of the heart. It treats with the projection and treatment of such situations as Inherited heart defects, Coronary artery disease, Electrophysiology, Heart failure, and Valvular heart ailment. Subspecialties of the cardiology discipline include Cardiac Electrophysiology, Echocardiography, Interventional Cardiology, and Nuclear Cardiology.

Cardiovascular system

The simple functioning of the cardiovascular structure consists of the manner the coronary heart procedures oxygen and nutrients in the blood, which is known as a coronary movement. The circulation system includes coronary arteries and coronary veins.
Cardiology is a field that treats and studies a variety of cardiovascular disorders.
One of these is a serious coronary syndrome, which contains a wide range of signs of myocardial infarction. Other common conditions include Angina Pectoris, Atherosclerosis, Coronary heart disease, and Restenosis.
Cardiology's broader categories of disorders include cardiac arrest, disorders of the myocardium, or heart muscle, such as cardiomyopathy, disorders of the pericardium, or heart's outer lining, such as pericarditis, disorders of the heart valves, such as the aortic valve, mitral valve, pulmonary valve, and tricuspid valve, and congenital heart defects, which range from atrial septal defect to venous Insufficiency.

In cardiology, various types of balloons and defibrillators, as well as a pacemaker and a stethoscope are used. In the field of cardiology, artificial hearts are also used and studied.


Cardiologists are experts in cardiology. Coronary artery bypass surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, and stenting are some strategies used by cardiologists to treat cardiovascular diseases. Blood tests, cardiac stress tests, echocardiography or electrocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging techniques are all used by cardiologists to diagnose cardiovascular disorders.

What does a cardiologist do on your first visit?

You can trust our veteran cardiologist finds from the doctor list, who diagnoses and treats a wide range of heart problems.
As part of your first visit, your cardiac-care knowledge will be idiomatic, co-opted, and excellent. Your care team will offer the most progressive testing, finding, and medical management for your cardiac health and will afford an integrated care plan that retains everybody on an equal page and forward of the curve.
When you will suspect medicine doctor will refer you to a cardiologist specialist. Our cardiology specialist diagnoses and treats an extensive range of cardiac disorders in kids and adults. 

Why is a Strong Heart so Important?

As the number one cause of death reason heart disease is commonly known as the silent killer worldwide amongst men and women. Leading to potentially fatal acute conditions such as a heart attack can often go unnoticed.
According to the latest survey by WHO 17.9 million people die of heart disease worldwide every year.
It is important to have your heart checked regularly, if there is any complication detected early heart disease is key to living a healthy and lengthy life. 

Significant main role-play by a Cardio Vascular Doctor

In the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses of the cardiovascular system, a cardiologist is a physician who specializes in this disease for precise treatment which includes the heart and blood vessels.
Our Cardiovascular Doctors will take the time to attend to and comprehend your signs and concerns, positive medical dealing commence with precise analysis.
Could detect precisely what reasons for your symptoms you may undergo various exams so that your cardiologists exactly identify and manage your disease.
That is why, whatever you do put your heart into everything. So do we! You can count on the Cardiology experts at our clinic when you have a heart or vascular challenge.
To make your heart strong again, to ensure your safety is the top priority we get into the heart of the problem and we provide excellent upkeep since we have a similar aim as you.

Can a cardiologist perform surgery?

Cardiologists are barring a suspect within the well-versed medical classified physician. Merely outlined a cardiologist is a medical professional whose principal duty is to ascertain cardiac problems issue and serve them with precise drugs. Cardiovascular Doctors could also do an assortment of heat artery measures. This is normally done by piercing the patent's groin with a needle.
It is key to stress, however, that cardiologists are not fit to do surgery. Merely qualified medical personnel who have received specific training for such operations are permitted to do heart surgery.
While cardiologists cannot do surgery, they could undertake various specialized treatments. For example stenting in the vein of the heart could be used by an interventional cardiologist who unblocks blocked arteries. They can also graft modern gadgets into the heart of patients with cardiac problems. A cardiologist can also undertake operations to exact rhythm disturbances, such as the use of defibrillators, pacemakers, and techniques for various cardiac diseases.

Structure of cardiovascular illness

The word cardiology has ensued from the Greek words CARDIA which mentions the heart and logy means the education of Cardiology is a part of medicines that concernments sicknesses and disorders of the heart, which may series from inherited imperfections through to acquire heart diseases as such coronary artery disease and blocked heart failure.

  • Basic Functioning:

The way the heart processes oxygen and nutrients in the blood is the basic functioning of the cardiovascular system which is called coronary circulation. 

  • Myocardial Infraction called:

The movement system consists of coronary arteries and coronary veins. Way of Treated and studied in the field of cardiology there is a range of disorders of the cardiovascular system. Among Encompasses, a broad range of myocardial infraction symptoms is acute coronary syndrome. 

  • Common disorder and treatment:

The other common disorders are Angina Pectoris, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and restenosis. Various types of devices are used such as balloons and defibrillators, a pacemaker, and a stethoscope in the treatment of cardiology.

Kinds of Cardio Ailments

There are several diverse kinds of cardiovascular illnesses. Among that four kinds of types are defined as under.

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease happens when the stream of oxygen that comes to the blood is blocked or reduced to the heart muscle.

This sort of strain increased the heart and could guide to:

  • Because of the bloodstream to the heart muscle constraining, angina instigated chest pain

  • When unexpectedly congested bloodstream to the heart muscle began a heart attack.

  • When! Everywhere in the body blood is not extended due to the heart being unable to pump blood correctly 

Strokes and TIAs

When the bloodstream to part of the brain is cut off a person suffered a stroke. By which the brain could damage and possibly die.
Such an attack is fairly similar, to a transient ischemic attack (also called a TIA or mini-stroke) but in this case, blood flow to the brain is only temporarily disrupted.
The key indications of a stroke or TIA could be not to forget the term FAST, which be located for the face might have declined on one side, the attached person might be incapable to smile, or their mouth or eye might have dropped.
Since faintness or unresponsiveness in one arm, the person might not be capable of high both arms and keeping them. The person might not be capable of the conversation and speaking at all and might be garbled, if you experienced these marks or indications it is stage to contact the physician without let.

Marginal arterial ailment

Generally, the legs and veins obstruct the peripheral arterial illness occurs. Lifeless or spasm leg pain, hair loss on legs and feet, faintness in the legs, and never-ending ulcers (open sores) on the feet and legs.

Aortic disease

Aortic sicknesses are a cluster of situations harming the aorta. This is the major blood vessel in the physique, which transmits blood from the heart to the additional part of the body.

Following are the risk of Vascular Disease

The precise reason for Cardio Vascular Disease isn't comprehensible, nonetheless, there are tons of things that could upsurge your jeopardy of getting it. These are named -hazard issues.

Maximum danger matters of cardiovascular illness are set as under:

  • Hypertension:

 Hypertension is one of the utmost vast thread troubles for Cardio Vascular Disease If your blood pressure is surge high, it could harm your blood vessels.

  • Smoking: 

Smoking and extra tobacco habit is also an important hazard issue for Cardiovascular Disease. The injurious materials in tobacco could harm and thin your blood vessels.

  • High cholesterol:

 Fat is a greasy material established in the blood. If you have high fat, it could reason your blood vessels to thin and surge your danger of rising a blood clot.

  • Diabetes: 

High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels, making them more likely to become narrowed. For the person who suffers from the lifelong condition of diabetes there, the blood sugar level becomes too high. The risk for those people who factor in type two diabetes is overweight or obese.  

  • Idleness: 

High cholesterol levels and being overweight are more likely that you will have high blood pressure if you are reluctant to physical exercise regularly. The reason for this is hazard issues of Cardio Vascular Disease.

Genetic records of Cardio Vascular Disorder

Family history of CVD risk of developing it increased. If your family member before the age of 55 for father and brother and 65 for mother and sister are recorded for Cardiovascular diseases then your doctor may suggest checking your blood pressure and cholesterol level.

Other risk factors

  • In addition, when people are over 50 their risk of developing CVD increases as they get older. 

  • Men are earlier than women likely to develop. 

  • High cholesterol and high blood pressure are caused by an unhealthy diet. 

  • Consumption of excessive alcohol also increases your cholesterol and blood pressure levels and contributes to weight gain. 

Prime self-control of  Cardiovascular disease

Not Smoking:

It is very wise you can do for your health not to use tobacco in any form. Tobacco use can slow you down, make you sick and shorten your life by uncompromising habit. One way it does contribute to heart disease.


Keeping weight and in good physical shape. Surplus weight and an outsize waist dimension equally assist in heart disease, in addition to several additional health difficulties.

Physical Exercise:

Excellent ways to prevent heart disease and many other diseases and conditions are routine exercise and physical activity. Apart from this, several of us become less active as we become older.

Healthy diet:

For years studies into connections between weight-reduction plans and coronary heart ailment focused on personal vitamins like:

  • Cholesterol, 

  • Varieties of fat

  • Particular vitamins and minerals.

 This work has been revealing, but it has also generated some lifeless ends, along with myths and confusion approximately what constitutes a heart-wholesome eating schedule. That’s because humans eat meals, not nutrients.


It is recommended to take medication to reduce your risk when you have a particularly high risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Drugs that could be suggested comprise statins for minor hypertension, cholesterol stages, low-dose aspirin to prevent blood clots, and tablets to reduce blood pressure.


Swaminath Gurudevan MD


Overview             Dr. Swaminatha  Gurudevan is a cardiologist in New York City. He is affiliated with...

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